Saturday, January 9, 2016

3 other factors of self-efficacy

In a previous post I mentioned factors of self-efficacy. Three other factors of self-efficacy are modeling, social persuasion, and physiological factors. Modeling is when children see someone else succeed at a task and their self-efficacy increases as they come to believe they can succeed as well. For example, if a child sees that a friend has been successful at getting a good grade on a history test, the child will believe they can get a good grade on a history test too.

Social persuasion is encouragement. When children are encouraged to try activities it will help increase their self-efficacy while discouragement will decrease self-efficacy. For example, when a parent gives a child encouragement that they'll pass their history test it increases the child's self-efficacy. If a parent tells a child they aren't good at history and will only fail the test because their not good at history the child's self-efficacy will decrease.

Physiological factors are when stress affects children physiologically. This can be nausea, pains, shaking etc, and can cause a child's self-efficacy to decrease. We often refer to it as having butterflies. For example, when a child gets on a bike for the first time they'll feel scared and have butterflies. Some children feel nauseous or shake. Regardless of how a person reacts the experience that's causing them to feel scared affects them physically and once the child has achieved being able to ride the bike that accomplishment increases the child's self-efficacy and the physical reaction to learning something new is eliminated. When parents use these three factors along with the others mentioned in the previous post they can be used to help parents develop a healthy self-efficacy in their children which will also help develop a healthy self-esteem.

No comments:

Post a Comment